Corti, dottrina e società inclusiva: l'impatto dei formanti dottrinali sulle corti di vertice
Courts, professors and the inclusive society: the impact of scholarly opinions on the highest Courts
The Research Unit, which is the head of the project, will work out together with the other research units the framework to be used for the presentation of the outcomes. Furthermore it will also act as contact point in order to solve any doubt or problem that could arise during the research.
More in detail, the Research Unit will deal with the European Union and the People's Republic of China.
The EU is a multilayered legal system and, thus, it is particularly interesting for this research. Its courts and tribunals are composed by judges coming from all Member States, which are of both common law and civil law tradition, and they tend to put together different legal traditions. The latter feature is particularly important in a situation where the European Union is able to exercise its competences in a wide array of fields that span from private law, to administrative law and criminal law, comprising both substantial and procedural aspects.
The research aims to verify, through the application of the network theory and an empirical working method:
- the extent to which the scholarly formant permeates the judicial one within the EU legal system, by looking at the references made to scholarly works in the decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union [CJEU], as well as in advocates general' conclusions;
- the role played by references to scholarly works, typically done through the intervention of the advocates general, in the motivation of the Court's decisions;
- if, and the extent to which, scholars contribute to the dissemination of theories and approaches that contribute to enhance the protection of human rights – also social ones – and the promotion of greater social inclusion;
- identifying those elements that contribute to the circulation of the scholarly formant in the EU case-law, i.e. those factors that may help to understand the “success” of a certain theory or approach at the European level.
The Research Unit will then look at the second level of the analysis, comparing EU Member States's legal systems , so to assess the outcomes of the analysis conducted on the CJEU, with a particular focus on the fight against poverty and social exclusion that lay at the core of Europe 2020 (see The European Platform against poverty and social exclusion: a European framework for social and territorial cohesion, COM(2010) 758 def.) and that are one of the objectives of Horizon 2020 (COM(2011) 809 def.).
Furthermore, the Research Unit will deal with the relationship between scholarly works and practice within the legal system of the People's Republic of China. The latter will be examined by taking into account documents in their original linguistic version, thanks to the presence within the Research Unit of an experienced sinologist. The People's Supreme Court is the highest judicial body in the PRC. According to the Chinese Constitution and the Organic Law on People's Courts, it is endowed with important judicial functions, as well as with the possibility to supervise the judicial activity by People's local courts and by special tribunals (Art. 127 Constitution and Artt. 30-31 O.L.). Moreover, the Organic Law gives to the Supreme Court the power – which is closely linked with its supervisory functions – of intervening to give interpretation on “questions concerning specific application of laws and decrees in judicial proceedings” (Art. 32 O.L.). The exercise of this power has enabled the Supreme Court to take on, since 1979, a quasi-normative role, adopting “interpretative clarifications” (jieda or jieshi) and “opinions” (yijian) that, although formally are still judicial acts, perform a normative function and they are considered as “a fundamental source of law”.
The Research Unit has a multidisciplinary nature, being it composed by comparative lawyers (private and public ones), administrative lawyers, international and EU lawyers, IT experts and legal philosophers.
Coordinator of the project: Università degli Studi di Torino Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza
- Università degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Giuridiche "A.Cicu";
- Università della Calabria, Dipartimento di Scienze Giuridiche;
- Università di Pisa, Dipartimento di Diritto Pubblico;
- Università degli Studi di Padova, Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche, Giuridiche E Studi Internazionali SPGI;
- Università degli Studi di Verona, Dipartimento di Scienze Giuridiche;
- Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Dipartimento di Studi Europei E Mediterranei;
- Università degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Diritto Pubblico;
- Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale "Amedeo Avogadro"-Vercelli, Dipartimento di Studi per l'Impresa ed il Territorio;
- Università degli Studi di Palermo, Dipartimento di Diritto Privato Generale;
- Università degli Studi Suor Orsola Benincasa – Napoli, Dipartimento di Istituto Universitario Suor Orsola Benincasa;
- Università degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II", Dipartimento di Diritto Comune Patrimoniale;
- Università degli Studi di Perugia, Dipartimento di Diritto Pubblico;
- Università degli Studi di Camerino, Dipartimento di Scuola di Giurisprudenza.